Sunday, January 27, 2008

Sringeri Sharada Peetham



Sringeri, located on the banks of the river Tunga in the Malnad region of Karnataka, houses the first matha established by Sri Adi Shankaracharya, the greatest proponent of Advaita Vedanta philosophy. According to tradition, when Adi Sankaracharya was walking by the Tunga river, he saw a cobra with a raised hood, providing shelter from the hot sun to a female frog that was about to spawn. Impressed with the sanctity of the spot where even the natural enemy of the frog had turned protector, he decided to found his first monastery here. Later he established three other mathas at Dwaraka, Puri and Badrinath.



Goddess Sharadamba, the presiding deity of Sringeri, was installed by Adi Shankaracharya as a murti made of sandalwood over the Sri Chakra that he had carved on a rock. The origin of this temple is traced to a debate between Sri Shankaracharya and Bharati (considered an incarnation of Goddess Saraswati), wife of Mandana Misra. When Sri Shankara answered all Her questions, She granted a boon that She would reside at Sringeri. Originally an unpretentious shrine with a thatched roof, the ancient temple of Sri Sharada was replaced with a golden idol and tiled roof by Sri Bharati Krishna Tirtha and Sri Vidyaranya.

Here is a melodious song on Sri Sharada composed by the current Acharya of Sringeri, Sri Bharathi Tirtha Mahaswamigal, and tuned/sung by my father, H. S. Thyagaraja.

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Lyrics/Translation of Sri Sharadambam Bhaje
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Song: srI shAradAmbAm bhajE
Ragam: sAramati
Thalam: kanDa chApu
Lyrics: Sri Bharathi Theertha Swamigal
Tuned/Sung by: H.S.Thyagaraja

Pallavi

srI shAradAmbAm bhajE sritakalpavallIm
I sing praise of SAradAmba, Who is verily the wish-granting creeper to those that seek refuge in Her
kArunyavArAmnidhim kalikalmaShaghnIm
Ocean of compassion, destroyer of sins and blemishes

Anupallavi

indrAdidevArcya pAdAmbujAtAm
Her with the lotus-feet worshipped by indra and the other dEvas
ISitvamukhya aShTasiddhi pradAtrIm
Her Who grants the 8 siddhis of aNimA, mahimA, garimA laghimA, prApti, prAkAmya, ISitva, vaSitva;

Charanam

UhApatha atIta mAhAtmyayuktA
Her Whose divine greatness/fame/majesty is beyond even imagination
mOhAndhakArApaha svAbhidhAnAm
Her Who dispels the darkness of mOha.
Sri SankarAcArya samsevitAnghrIm
Her Whose feet are served by SankarAcArya
Sri SRngagIri Akhya puryAm vasantIm
Her Who resides in the city named SRngEri
Sri vAgvibhUtyAdi dAnapravInAm
Her Who is skilled in granting great prowess of the word/language/poetry etc.
Sri bhAratITIrtha hRtpadmavAsAm
Her Who dwells in the heart(lotus) of bhAratItIrtha (mudra of current SankarAcArya of SRngEri)

Chittai Swaram

S”,ND MPDNDM | G,SR ,RGGMM ||
PDPD NS”R”G”M”G” | S”NDN DM,PDN ||

(lower octave swarams denoted by (), high octave denoted by “)





The Saradamba temple is constructed in the modern Dravidian style, with a gopuram at the entrance, and broad covered walkways for pradakshina. The beautiful image of the Goddess can be seen from the distance as one enters the temple from the main gopuram. She is seated on the Sriyantra on a golden throne, inside the garbha-griha, which is made of polished granite. In front of Her Sanctum is a spacious hall supported by pillars with exquisite carvings on them. Within the temple of Saradamba is kept the Vyakhyana Simhasanam, which represents the sarvajna-pitha, the throne of transcendental wisdom. The Acharyas ascend this simhasanam when they are first initiated into sannyasa, when they take charge at the matha, and also on ceremonial occasions like the nine days of the Navaratri festival.

Sangita Samrajya, a beautiful song in the ragam Mohanakalyani, is composed by Bangalore Ramamurti in praise of Goddess Sharadambal. Here is an old rendition of this song by Sri Maharajapuram Santhanam.

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Lyrics of Sangita Samrajya
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Song: sangIta sAmrAjya
Ragam: mOhanakalyANI
Thalam: Adi
Composer: Bangalore Ramamurti


Pallavi

sangIta sAmrAjya sancAriNi
shrngAra shrngEripura vAsini

Anupallavi

unnata pANDya kEraLa vAsini
sannutashrI cakra madhya nivAsini
kAlaDi shankara hrdaya nivAsini
kAla pAlaka brahma vishvAsini

Charanam

gAndhAra pancama dhaivata rUpiNi
niSAda madhyama sapta svarUpiNi
mandAra kusum maNimaya tEjO
mAdhurya mOhanakalyANi svarUpiNi

Chittai Swaram

S(N)(D)S ,RG, ,DPM GRS(N) | (D)SRG ,PD, ,S”ND PMGR ||
GPMG ,,PM GS”ND ,,S”N | DG”R”S” ,PDR” S”NDP MGSR ||
,G,P D,GD ,RG, P,DS” | ,,DR” ,PDS” ,R”G”, R”G”,G” ||
R”G”S”, ND,D PDP, MG,G | RGS, (N)(D),G” R”S”ND PMGR ||

(lower octave swarams denoted by (), high octave denoted by “)



Sharada is Guru Rupini – she is of the form of the guru. Through the person of the Jagadguru she dispenses her grace. In the Prapancasara, Adi Sankaracharya describes Goddess Sarada as Brahmavidya, which is identical to the Incommensurable Brahman Itself. She transcends the three qualified conceptions, known as Trimurtis, and their corresponding Saktis known as Saraswati, Lakshmi and Iswari. She encompasses all these. This accounts for the fact that Sri Sarada reigns alone in the temple at Sringeri. She is also called Sarada Parameswari and pooja is done reciting the Lalithasahasranamam. The Sarada Navaratri festival is specially devoted to the Mother Goddess throughout India. She is worshipped as Durga, Lakshmi and Sarasvati. The festival occurs in the beginning of the autumn season (Sarad ritu) and is therefore special for Goddess Sarada.

Here is my rendition of ShringapurAdhIshwari, another beautiful song in praise of Sri Sharada as the Mother of all who resides in Shringapura (Sringeri), composed by Sri Padmacharan.



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Lyrics of ShriNgapurAdhIshwarI
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Song: shRNga purAdIshwari
Ragam: kalyANI
Thalam: Adi
Composer: Padmacharan

Pallavi

shRNgapurAdIshwari shAradE
shubha maNgalE sarvAbhIshta pradE

Anupallavi

shaNkara sannuta srI padma charagE
sakala kalAdi shAradE varadE
sadanenna thAyE sAmagAna priyE

Charanam

karuNi semma sruti gatigaLa mAtE
kamanIya sapta swarasupUjitE
sAmagAna kalA swarUpiNi
kAmita dAyini kalyANi janani




The present Jagadguru Shankaracharya Sri Bharati Tirtha Mahaswamigal dedicated a Rs 1 crore golden chariot at Sringeri to Goddess Sharada in 1999. On the event of golden jubilee Vardhanthi (Birthday) of the Jagadguru, golden doors worth rupees twenty four lakh were installed and inaugurated at the temple entrance. The gold covering to the door has eight panels with the figures of Ashta Lakshmi inscribed on them.

On the Chaitra Shukla Poornima day, special Puja is performed in Sri Sharada Shrine. On Vaisaka Krishna Prathipath Mahabhishekam and special pooja is done for Sri Sharadambal. On Karthika Poornima day Deepotsava is conducted in Sri Sharada Shrine. On the Magha Shukla Panchami, Lalitha Panchami is celebrated with special Puja performed to Sri Sharadamba by the Jagadguru. On the Magha Krishna Dwithiya special Puja to Sri Sharadamba is performed by the Jagadguru. On the Magha Trithiya Sri Sharadamba Rathotsava is celebrated.



Sharada Bhujanga Stotram
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Sources

1) Sri Sharadamba Temple
http://www.sringerisharadapeetham.org/temples/sharadamba.php

2) Sringeri Sharadambal
http://www.cse.buffalo.edu/~vs28/S.Vidyaraman/Sringeri/sarada.html

3) Sringeri
http://www.indiantemples.com/Karnataka/sringeri.html

4) Destination of the Month - Sringeri
http://www.onlinebangalore.com/tour/desti/sirn/sringeri2.html

5) Wikipedia - Sringeri
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sringeri


4 comments:

Radhakrishna G Iyer said...

Excellent job!! You are on the right track.

Anonymous said...

Excellent initiative Somas for music loving family

Hari said...

Awesome work Somas! Way to go!

kashyap said...

its is good to here rudra,srisukta, an all in my work place also thank u sir