Wednesday, March 4, 2009

Ragam - Brindavana Saranga


Carnatic music has adapted many rAgams from Hindustani music and one such example is brindAvana sArangA (also known as brindAvanI). It is usually a post-pallavi rAgam in carnAtic concerts and has a light, tranquilizing effect. There are some beautiful compositions from the musical Trinity in this rAgam as well.

brindAvana sArangA (or brindAvanI), a janyA of the 22nd melakartha kharaharapriya, has the following krama (scale):
arOhaNam: S R2 M1 P N3 S
avarOhaNam: S N2 P M1 R2 G2 R2 S

This is an audavashAdava ragam since the dhaivata (Dha) is absent. Ri, Ma and Ni figure both as jiva svara and nyasa svara. Ga is only used sparingly in this rAgam and some books differentiate between brindAvana sArangA and brindAvanI based on the usage of Ga. There is also lot of confusion between the two rAgams based on the usage of Ni. For example, T.M.Krishna (in a lecture here) says that brindAvana sAranga should have only kAkali nishAda and no kaishiki nishAda whereas brindAvanI accommodates both nishAdAs.

Muthuswami Dikshitar has composed two beautiful gems in this rAgamrangapura vihArA and soundara rAjam. While the first one starts in the mel sthAyi (R”,,S”) and explores the beauty of the rAgam in that upper range, the second song starts at the lower octave (R, GRS) and hardly goes above S”. The playlist below has both songs, the first one by M.S.Subbalakshmi and the second one by D.K.Jayaraman. Dikshitar has also composed the song swaminAthEna samrakshitOham in praise of Lord Subramanya at Swamimalai.

Saint Thyagaraja has also composed a song in this rAgam (though some question the authenticity of this krithi) called srI kamalAptha kula. A rendition of this song by Malladi Brothers is included in the below playlist.




List of Carnatic Songs in Brindavana Saranga
[]

Atma nivEdanam - Thulaseevanam - Adi

caliyE kunjan
- Swati Tirunal - Deshadi

indina vAra nIyAkO - Purandara Dasa - Adi

kAkai chiraginile - Subramanya Bharathi - Adi
kaliyuga varadan - Periyaswamy Thooran - Adi
kamalApta kula - Thyagaraja - Adi

nanadikkula - Annamacharya - Adi

Om shakthi - Subramanya Bharathi - Adi

pinAkinE mahA - Harikeshanallur Muthaiah Bhagavathar - Adi

raNgapura vihAra
- Muthuswami Dikshitar - Rupakam

sarasIruhana - Patnam Subramanya Iyer - Adi
soundara rAjam - Muthuswami Dikshitar - Tisra Ekam
svAminAthEna samrakSitOham - Muthuswami Dikshitar - Adi

Thillana - Dr. Balamuralikrishna - Adi
Thillana - Lalgudi Jayaraman - Adi

urugAdha uLLam - Padma Veeraraghavan - Adi

vAnil mukilOdum - Chezhiyan - Adi




brindAvana sArangA in Film Music

This is a very popular rAgam for film music. There are plenty of old Tamil songs, such as the evergreen ponn ondru kandEn sung by T.M.Soundarajan and P.B.Srinivas, and singArakaNNE from the popular film Veerapandiya Kattabomman.

Ilayaraja has also used this ragam in many of his compositions, even some later ones like Konjom Kuyil Paatu and Kovil Mani Ketene from the film Kanna Unnai Thedigiren. Some other compositions in this rAgam include muthunahaiye (by K.V.Mahadevan) and the more recent nenjAngootil (from Dishoom) composed by Vijay Anthony.




List of Film Songs in Brindavana Saranga
[]


Aakaashamulo - Swarna Kamalam (Telugu) - Ilayaraja

Chinnanjiru - Amudha Ganam - Ilayaraja

Dheivangal Kan Paarthadhu - Pudhiya Ragam - Ilayaraja
Devi Durga Devi - Sankeerthana (Telugu) - Ilayaraja

Indha Jilla Muzhuka - Priyanka - Ilayaraja

kAdal veNNilA - lakshmi vandAcu
Kallukkulle Vandha Eeram - Unakaagave Vazhgiraen - Ilayaraja
kaTTitanga rAjAvukkumAlai - vElaikkAri - C.R.Subbaraman-S.M.Subbiah Naidu
Konjum Kuyil Paattu - Kanna Unai Thedugiren - Ilayaraja
Kovil Mani Kaetene - Kanna Unai Thedugiren - Ilayaraja

Maalaigal Idam Maarudhu - December Pookal - Ilayaraja
Manadhil Ore - En Purushan Thaan Enakku Mattum Thaan - Ilayaraja
Medhuva Thandhi - Thaalaatu (trace mix of madhyamavathi) - Ilayaraja
Muthamma Muthu - Thanthuvitten Ennai - Ilayaraja
muthunahaiyae - en thambi - K.V.Mahadevan
muttugaLe kaNgaL - nenjirukkum varai - M.S.Vishwanathan

nenjAnkootil - Dishoom - Vijay Anthony

Oru Pokkiri Rathiri - Idhu Namma Bhoomi - Ilayaraja

ponnondru kaNdEn - paditAl maTTum pOdumA - Vishwanathan-Ramamurthy
Poongatre Theendaadhe - Kunkumachimizh - Ilayaraja
pUvaraiyum pUngodaiyE

singArakkaNNE - vIrapANDiya kaTTabomman - G.Ramanathan

thangga magaL - madurai J.S. maNi





11 comments:

Karthik said...

This site is FANTASTIC. Something I have been looking for for a long time. Thanks - Karthik

lvnaga said...

When my wife(Sow Gowri)was practicing 'Soundar Rajam', I started browsing your site for other songs in this raga. I found 'Kamalapta Kula' by Thyagaraja. Gowri was very happy to be reminded about this song and she sang this song also, thanks to you. I am visiting your site after a long time. Please keep it up.
Nagarajans

vjseelan said...

Thank You.
Nice work.

Kishore Hariharan, Aluva, Kerala, India. said...

very awesome site, this... few people show their dedicated effort in helping others like this... thank you very much..

maharajapuram santhanam's songs really wonderful...

Kaushik said...

When I see blogs like this it leaves me with little doubt that God has chosen to keep this treasure alive. Fantastic job mate! May your trribe grow. God bless you!!

yesjiar said...

i am nearing 80 yrs.And am new to this field. Having heard dat u r delivering nectar in dis site-akshaya paatram, itis really marvellous and i feel free to enjoy the fruits of Entarao ahaanubhavalu. some rare pld keerthanas also wd be my food of rasanai. double cheers to u.Govindarajan

Sajna VInish said...

Amazing collection of songs from a past era that still stays alive in the hearts of music rasikas...Thank uuu for proving to be a guiding beacon of light for students like us who yearn to grasp the finer elements of Carnatic music...I have shared ur link sir, on facebook...there are quite a few people who are going to be ecstatic...for the bundle of information available in ur site...jai sri krishna...God Bless!!!

Anonymous said...

Beautiful Collection Of Brindavana Sarangam..God Bless YOU

SL

Sridhar said...

Hi..
This is one of my favorite raagams.. Thanks a lot for uploading these songs.. and btw, I had with me long back a ragamalika virutham by Santhanam - "kandha guha shanmuga" starting in b.saranga.. If you have it or can find it, it'll be wonderful.. :) I ve been searching for it a long time but in vain..

Nat said...

Hi, I learn that "Kallukkulle Vanda Eeram Enna" from Manithanin Marupakkam belongs to this raaga. Is it true?

Roopalakshmi Balasubramaniam said...

Hello, I would like to know if "Omana Penne" is tuned in Bilahari...